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How to Find the Best Internet Service Provider

[Guest Post by Carmen]

Taking the time to choose a good internet provider can often save you a lot of time and frustration in your internet travels. Many providers take steps to appear as the best option to potential customers, such as aggressive marketing, “one time” offers that are often too good to be true, and social engineering. Knowing the common terminology and spending time going over potential options can help you make a much more informed decision before signing up with an ISP (internet service provider).

Before I can go into the details of negotiating tips and telltale signs of questionable practices, going over the types of Internet connections (the technology that your internet provider uses to deliver service to your house) is vital. In most countries, three prominent technologies are usually used by providers to deliver an internet connection to your home or office.

A digital subscriber line (DSL) is one of the most common types of connection worldwide.  DSL is usually offered by the same company which offers landline telephone service in your area; however, other secondary companies may offer DSL service as well. Under the right conditions, DSL can reach fairly high speeds (50 Mbps+); however, speeds may vary depending on distance from the provider’s node (where the internet is converted to a signal that is capable of reaching your home).  DSL providers often advertise speeds higher than what you are capable of actually receiving. The best way to know if you are truly able to get the maximum speeds would be to ask neighbours.

Cable internet comes in at a close second to DSL, in terms of availability. Cable internet is usually offered by your local cable television company and ran over the same infrastructure as cable TV. This type of connection can reach very high speeds (100+ Mbps); however, the speeds offered by cable internet providers can vary based on the standard used (DOCSIS 3 is the latest cable internet standard, offering theoretical speeds of 300+ Mbps) or back end network capacity. With cable internet, reaching the maximum speeds is usually possible at least at some points in the day. Unlike DSL, network congestion can be a problem with cable. As providers upgrade their networks to meet the demand, this is less of a problem.

Fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) is another viable option and alternative to the two other major options. FTTH uses light over a glass wire to transmit internet. Once reaching the home, there is equipment to convert that fiber signal in something that your devices can understand. With current technology, fiber can reach the highest speeds of all the major methods listed above (1000+ Mbps). Fiber internet can often be expensive however, this is not always the case.

These are the three major technologies currently used for internet service worldwide however there are many other technologies available such as Satellite and Antenna (3G) internet that are in use as well.
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Downgrading From OS X Mavericks to Mountain Lion

Apple released OS X Mavericks in October 2013, the tenth major release of “The world’s most advanced operating system”. Hours after the release, I quickly upgraded the OS on my primary system, a late-2012 27″ iMac.

OS X 10.9 introduced several new features but, as expected, it also introduced several major bugs and removed features without good reason. After being frustrated with Mavericks, as many have, I decided to downgrade to 10.8.5 (OS X Mountain Lion).

A brief and condensed list of bugs and issues I found in OS X Mavericks:

  • There are a few incompatible applications that users were accustomed to using in Mountain Lion which no longer functioned, or caused some instability. is a trustworthy crowdsourced website for checking OS compatibility.
  • You lose control of scrolling with a Magic Trackpad, at random times through the day. A full system restart is required. Many users reported this on the Apple Support forum, and it’s still not resolved.
  • I love the new Multi-monitor features advertised in Mavericks and this was one of the reasons I upgraded so quickly. My main workstation is composed of 3 displays so it’s extremely important Apple handles this with care. Once again, they failed.
  • Shared network drives, screen sharing with other Macs on your network, AirDrop? Forget it. Not going to work if you’re using Mountain Lion on any of your other networked Macs. Theoretically it will … but implementation was subpar and obviously rushed.

I left Mountain Lion installed on a small 150GB partition before upgrading to Mavericks. The idea was that I could launch Mountain Lion at any time, just in case I didn’t find the new OS to work for my needs. Unfortunately, that caused more trouble than it was worth. With only 6GB left on the Mountain Lion partition, it quickly filled up and I needed more space. I tried deleting the Mavericks partition and allocating the free space to Mountain Lion, but it’s not that easy. (even while running Disk Utility from an external drive). Long story short, I ended up formatting the entire SSD (including the Mountain Lion recovery partition, yikes!)

Of course I kept a backup of all my data, thanks to Apple’s Time Machine (Which I no longer recommend using, by the way). This was not the concern. The next real challenge was finding, and installing, Mountain Lion. Why does Apple make this so complicated? And why do these bugs even exist? Short answer – OS X developers at Apple don’t support or think in the mind of the minority; most users would never notice the bugs and complications in Mavericks that we geeks (ahem, power users) do.

A persistent banner ad seen in the Mac App Store. Apple is encouraging all users to upgrade to Mavericks as soon as possible.

A persistent banner ad seen in the Mac App Store. Apple is encouraging all users to upgrade to Mavericks as soon as possible.

Rushing to download and install Mavericks back in October, I copied the installer onto the same SD card that Mountain Lion was on, replacing and deleting 10.8 forever. Installing via SD card was out of the question.  🙁

No problem, I can just download Mountain Lion from the App Store like I did last year? Wrong again – it’s not longer available in the Mac App Store and shows an error when attempting to download. At this point, I’m quite frustrated.

After a vast amount of searching, I found a clean copy of Mountain Lion on a popular torrent website. 1.5 hours and 4.5 gigabytes later, I inspected the installer package to notice it was completely mangled so I don’t recommend trying this. I ended up purchasing an Apple Mac Developer account, solely for the purpose of downloading an old OS. Apple provides many past versions of OS X and iOS to developers who want to test their app for previous generation products. Continue reading

Live Streaming Video using AVConv and the Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi is a credit-card sized $35 computer that can be used to accomplish many tasks similar to what a desktop PC can do. This includes spreadsheets, word-processing, games, and even…live video broadcasting! By connecting a powered USB Hub and webcam to your Raspberry Pi, you can broadcast live video to an unlimited audience for free. I’ll show you how this is possible.

Please be patient and read through the entire tutorial before attempting.

What You NeedCredit:

Getting started requires a few peripherals. To start up your Raspberry Pi and do initial configuration, you will need an HDMI cable, USB keyboard, and USB mouse. In addition:


  • Use the raspberry pi “headless”. Do not run the desktop version of Rasbian on your Pi (xwindows). It uses an excess amount of RAM and precious CPU power that you need to reserve for your live video compression and streaming. Instead, use the command line interface or access via Secure Shell from another computer. (optional)

  • Assign a static local IP to the Raspberry Pi. (Configuration can be found in: /etc/network/interfaces). This is useful when accessing the Pi remotely. (optional)

  • Don’t use a Raspberry Pi enclosure that limits heat transfer and airflow.


Update your software repository to the latest version by running the following commands:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Plug in your devices.  Webcam –> Powered USB Hub –> Raspberry Pi

Install Screen (optional):

apt-get install screen

Restart your Pi device:



To transcode and broadcast the video, you will need to use a Linux application called AVConv (similar to FFmpeg). It is a command line program for transcoding multimedia files using the Libav Multimedia Framework. FFmpeg will give you the same result, but I personally prefer AVConv for ease-of-use.

To Install AVConv, run the following command:

sudo apt-get install avconv

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Photoshop Alternative: Pixelmator for Mac

I’ve been using Photoshop for years. I began using it on the PC and then purchased Adobe Photoshop Elements when I started to use Mac OS X. Recently, during the time I began designing websites and taking more photographs, I realized Photoshop Elements (Version 6) just wasn’t providing the tools and simplicity I needed. I wanted to edit photos and design basic web elements with ease.

Three months ago, a friend recommend PixelMator, an easy-to-use, powerful image editing application for Mac OS X. I decided to check it out that day and have been using it ever since. PixelMator provides everything I need from basic photo editing to graphic design.  

Pixelmator uses Core Image and OpenGL technologies that use the Mac’s video card for image processing. By doing a bit of research, I found out that Pixelmator graphic editing software was actually built upon a combination of open source and Mac OS X technologies such as ImageMagick, Automator, Cairo, and Sparkle.

PixelMator has many great features, here are a few:

  • Supports Photoshop images with layers and over 100 other file types
  • 16 colour correction tools
  • More then 50 filters
  • Over 20 tools for painting, cropping, typing, etc
  • Quick file conversions and exports
  • Supports Mac OS X ColorSync and profiles
  • Support for OS X Lion features such as versions, auto save, full screen mode, etc

The full version of PixelMator costs just $29.99, a great price for such an amazing app. PixelMator allows you to do most things that you could do in Photoshop.  With the Mac App Store’s “buy once, install on all Macs” system, purchasing this application is a no brainer. I encourage you to download the trial (or full version) today!

Try the newest version of PixelMator free for 30 days:
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Blackberry PlayBook Review

The Blackberry PlayBook went on sale in Canada for $300 off. I decided it was time to try out a tablet that wasn’t from the company who makes the leading tablet, Apple.

In the past, I had the iPad 2 so my standards are already quite high for a tablet. The Blackberry Playbook, although I had some problems at the beginning, is quite impressive.

Just because a tablet or even computer has better specifications then another doesn’t mean it is better or more useful. Many tablets exist with much betters specs then the BlackBerry PlayBook. I don’t want to base this review on a comparison of the Playbook and the iPad 2 but just for your information, here is how the Playbook specs compare.

iPad 2 BlackBerry PlayBook
Screen 9.7″ LED 1024 x 768 7″ LCD 1024 x 600
Storage 16GB/32GB/64GB 16GB/32GB/64GB
Camera – Front VGA 30fps 5MP
Camera – Back 720p 30 fps 1080p
Weight 1.33lbs 0.9lbs
Battery 25-watt-hour 5300mAh
Price (CAD) Wifi 16GB $519, Wifi 32GB $619, Wifi 64GB $719,3G 16GB $649, 3G 32GB $749, 3G 64GB $849 16GB $199 ($499), 32GB $299 ($599), 64GB $399 ($699)
Processor Apple A5 1Ghz dual core ARM Cortex A9 1GHz dual core
Memory 512mb (unconfirmed by Apple) 1GB
Current support for Adobe Flash No Yes
Apps Too many Not enough

The BlackBerry PlayBook is positioned as a consumer device that offers the features necessary to appeal to RIM’s enterprise/business customers.

First boot setup

It took me about 2 hours to setup the PlayBook as an update I did bricked the device. This is quite unusual and doesn’t happen with many people. I think I’ll save this for another blog post.

Note: after I fixed up the software update, everything began running smoothly. Don’t let this stop you from purchasing a PlayBook.
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Budget Gadgets Review

BudgetGadgets has been in the online retail/wholesale business since 2003. They sell exactly what it sounds like, gadgets and electronics, at a very low price. There are many great looking products on their website and I must say, I’ve been very impressed with the products I’ve purchased and received to review.

Budget Gadgets

First I’ll begin by telling you about their great website. There are many categories for different types of electronics, gadgets, and you can also look through their product listings by searching in price categories.

$0 – $1.99, $2 – $4.99, $5 – $9.99, $10 – $14.99, $15 – $19.99, $20 or more

Their website has a very simple and easy to navigate website. There are links on the main page to daily deals, Facebook page, Twitter, and much more.


Shipping for any quantity of items to any location in the world is free. For most of the packages BudgetGadgets uses Airmail service by HongKong Post or Singapore Post, which usually takes 7-16 working days to arrive to most of countries.

I live in Ontario, Canada, that’s more then 12,000km away from where BudgetGadgets is in Shenzen, China. I receive my order in 10 days or sooner. Shipping is great and what more can you expect for free?

For orders over 200USD they use EMS or DHL with an online tracking number. There’s no extra charge for express shipping and they usually arrive in 3 – 5 working days.

DropShipping is also available. For more information, visit their information page.


Every product I have received is packaged very well. Nothing ever gets damaged during shipping. It’s obvious that BudgetGadgets puts a lot of work into packaging. All products, including cables, manuals, and disks are wrapped very neatly. What’s worse then having a damaged product show up at your home?


BudgetGadgets is always releasing new products for sale. Currently, they have everything from toy games to $300 Android tablets. The selection is amazing and there is something for everyone. BudgetGadgets is a great place to purchase gifts and seasonal items also.


BudgetGadgets affiliate program allows you to generate revenue for every purchase made that comes from your business or non-business channels.

You can add links to your site and access reports online so you can see how well you’re doing. This program is free to join. You earn 5% commission for any sales you make. If you refer someone and they don’t make a purchase right away, then when they revisit and purchase an item, you will automatically be credited with the sale, as long as it occurs within 180 days of the original visit.

I have been using the affiliate program since it was created and I am very happy. I have had a positive expierence with BudgetGadgets Affiliate program. My referral link:


You can save 5% by using the coupon code: techzany at Save 5% on anything and everything you buy from their online store.


A $20 coupon code for will be  given away to one of you on November 14th.  

How to Enter:

 – Follow @TechZany and @BudgetGadgets

 -Tweet this: ”  I just entered the @TechZany @BudgetGadgets $20 coupon #giveaway #TZBG20 “

 – One entry per person 

On November 14th, I’ll do a search for #TZBG20 on Twitter and see who entered. Then I’ll use a number generator to randomly choose one, if you followed all rules, you will be notified through Twitter to e-mail me.

Thanks to BudgetGadgets for doing this giveaway! Good Luck!


BudgetGadgets sells great products at an amazing low price with free shipping. All products are packaged nicely and are delivered to your home / store within about 2 weeks. BG also has a one year warranty on most products and a 30 day money back guarantee if you are not satisfied. Save 5% by using the coupon code techzany when checking out. If you have any other questions on replacements, warranty, etc, you should be able to find your answers on their FAQ page or you can e-mail them.

BudgetGadgets is not a scam website and is very trustworthy.

So what are you waiting for? Head over to now and purchase yourself some new gadgets.


All giveaway details are subject to change without notice. You must follow all rules 
to be eligible to enter. One winner will be randomly choosen on or around November
14th. $20 coupon is a discount for the online web store and has no cash value.